A jackal is basically a dog that lives in Asia and Africa. It is also found in parts of Southeast Europe. These places have four different species of jackals.
Jackals are social beings and prefer the safety of living in groups rather than living alone. Packs of jackals are known to have 10-30 individual jackals. The number provides security in terms of food guarantee too. But jackals are also known to hunt as individuals or with another jackal. The problem with groups is that they re often noisy and scare away the prey. As individual hunters , it becomes a lot easier to stalk over a prey.
Jackals mark their territory with their urine and excreta. They guard their territories not tolerating invasion of any sort. They employ a range of vocal symbols specific to a group of jackals.
Small mammals and birds are the favorite diet of all jackals. Some species of these canines are also known to devour poisonous snakes without any adverse effects on them. As carnivorous mammals, they tend to scavenge whatever remains after other carnivorous animals have enjoyed a killed animal. They merely feed on the remains.
But jackals can also eat plant material in case flesh is not available or it cannot be caught. Jackals inhabiting tropics of Southeast Asia are examples of jackals who survive on a vegetarian diet when a non-vegetarian diet is not available.
Jackals are nocturnal animals notorious for their adventures at night. They are good at running, and can clock up to 16km per hour for quite some time.