Ants are probably the most social beings on earth. They live in colonies that can be as big as millions of individuals and as small as just a few dozen ones. There are about 22,000 species of ants living on earth. Of these, just 12,500 have been classified. They have a typical elbow shaped antennae besides distinctive structures shaped into slender waists.
Colonies of ants have a large number of females that are wingless and sterile. They are further divided into 'workers' or 'soldiers' or other groups. Some fertile females are also present in a colony, they are called queens. Fertile males present in these colonies are called drones.
Ants are found in all corners of the Earth except for the continent of Antarctica. They have an uncanny ability to adapt to their environment and to defend themselves from their predators and enemies. Greenland, Iceland and a few parts of Polynesia and Hawaiian Islands didn't have ants. They were introduced to these places thanks to human intervention in the habitat.
Ants walk on six legs. Colonies of ants are based on division of labor where their work remains divided among the members of the colonies. They have evolved a distinct mechanism of communication among themselves. They can damage standing crop and can cause some serious damage to building structure.
Ants form an integral part of the cuisine of many civilizations. They are also a part of medications prescribed for some disorders. Moreover, they are an inherent part of religious rituals of some groups of people.